GRAINS

Grain terminal presentation

Grain terminal will be built in Constanta Port, berth 80, on a surface of approximately 60.000 sqm. The location provides different logistic advantages: the deepest berth in the Black Sea (19 m), vicinity with the barges terminal for river transport from countries near the Danube, direct and easy access to the railway, short distance and direct access to motor road A2. Storage capacity will be of 200.000 tons (calculated for wheat).

Grains reception will be made from three different means of transport:

barjes – discharge rate 800 t/h; 2 dischargers with grapples with a capacity of 400 t/h each;
wagons – discharge rate 600 t/h; the covered receptacle will allow simultaneous discharge of two wagons;
trucks – discharge rate 1,200 t/h; 4 covered receptacles, each with a 300 t/h capacity, grouped by two in two reception groups;

Grains shipment will be made by two loaders with a rate of 1,500 t/h each, designed to load ships with a capacity of 110,000 dwt, ships with 250 m length and 40 m width.

The grains terminal is designed to offer great flexibility, respectively seven simultaneous operation flows:

  1. barges discharge;
  2. wagons discharge;
  3. trucks discharge – first group of reception;
  4. trucks discharge – second group of reception;
  5. ship loading – first loader;
  6. ship loading – second loader;
  7. merchandise recycling from one cell to another.

Grain dust is the biggest concern in the field of grain manipulation. COMVEX grain terminal will apply the most popular technologies in the industry related to grain manipulation: conveyor systems completely closed (belt and chain conveyors and bucket elevator) and suction systems. The belt conveyors are completely closed, of last generation, with systems of dust recovery and reintroducing it on the belt. The advantages of these completely closed systems, are the following: they don’t allow loss of cargo, significantly increase the safety level in closed spaces (minimization of risk of explosion and fire), they do not require additional costs in operation (maintenance and cleaning) and, the most important, provide a high level of health protection.

The terminal will be equipped with the highest level of safety and with the most efficient solutions for the reduction of operation costs.

The silo cells and related metallic structures will be from galvanized steel sheet of the highest quality.

All handling equipment will be equipped with appropriate sensors in order to permanently monitor the good operation and in order to prevent any problem which might appear due to malfunctioning.

The entire terminal will be completely automated and supervised: monitoring and control from the control room by PC and PLC. The silo cells will be equipped with temperature monitoring system and aeration system.

The entire quantity of cargo received and shipped will be weighed on great precision scales (auto scales and CF and flow scales), which will be integrated into a specially projected cargo management system.

In order to preserve in optimal conditions the stored merchandise and to avoid any issue regarding the quality, the grains will be tested in its own laboratrory based on the samples collected with special equipments.

The yearly capacity of the terminal will be of approximately 5 million tonnes.

Barges discharge rate (t/h)
Wagons discharge rate (t/h)
Trucks discharge rate (t/h)
Capacity (t/an)